Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) | Gastro Clinic Dubai

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) treatment in Dubai

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder impacting the large intestine/colon, believed to stem from issues with the contraction and relaxation of colon muscles. Common symptoms include constipation, diarrhea, cramping, bloating, and gas. While the precise cause of IBS is unknown, it may be associated with an individual’s sensitive immune system or colon, lacking inflammation or damage to the intestinal lining, distinguishing it from Irritable Bowel Disease (IBD).

Primarily affecting women and young individuals, IBS presents varying symptoms. While some experience minor discomfort, others face severe symptoms disrupting their quality of life.

IBS Symptoms:

  • Constipation
  • Abdominal pain
  • Cramping
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloating and gas

Individuals with IBS may encounter periods of both diarrhea and constipation, with symptoms like gas and bloating usually alleviating after a bowel movement. While symptoms may not persist, they can recur. The exact causes of IBS remain unknown, but potential risk factors include severe infections, changes in gut microbes, abnormal muscle contractions in the intestine, and imbalances in the nervous system.

IBS Triggers:

  • Stress
  • Certain foods like wheat, dairy, citrus fruits, beans, cabbage, milk, and carbonated drinks

Diagnosing IBS involves evaluating symptoms and ruling out other potential causes through stool sample analysis, dietary adjustments, blood tests, and, in some cases, a colonoscopy.

As there’s no cure for IBS, treatment aims to alleviate symptoms. Lifestyle adjustments are recommended initially, such as eating smaller meals, stress reduction, regular exercise, limiting caffeine, avoiding spicy foods, and incorporating probiotics to manage gas and bloating. Medication is considered if natural remedies prove insufficient.

In summary, IBS is a complex condition necessitating a personalized approach to symptom management, considering lifestyle modifications and potential triggers.